Windows 9x Notes

Windows 95 and 98 include very different versions of MS-DOS which omit some commands. Some of these commands were not included as they were replaced
by graphical versions that only run under Windows 95. Others were not included
as they were infrequently used. Some of them were retained, but not as
part of the “standard” Windows 95 install. They can be found on the Windows
95 CD in the \OTHER\OLDMSDOS directory or at Microsoft’s
website
in the free downloads section. If you have Windows 95 OSR2+
or Windows 98 then the chances are that you only have QBASIC.EXE, QBASIC.HLP
and HELP.COM so if you want the extra commands then you will need to download
them from Microsoft’s website.

A few other notes about Win9x: most older disk utilities such as Norton Disk Doctor, PC Tools and disk compression software such as Stacker are unsuitable for use with Win9x because they can damage the long file names used by Windows. Later versions of Win95 and Win98 introduced a new disk format called FAT32. It has a number of benefits but older disk utilities cannot read it. When using Win9x it is best only to use utilities that
expressly say they can be used with Win9x.

Command Possible reason for omission Available on Win95 CD?
append Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes
graftabl Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
monoumb.386 Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes
romdrive.sys Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
assign Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
graphics Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes
msav All anti-virus software was removed because Win95 uses a different
kernel
No
share Does not work well (or at all) with Win95 No
backup Replaced by MSBACKUP and later a graphical back up program Yes
help Supplemented/replaced by information in the Win95 resource kit Yes
msbackup Replaced by a graphical back up program Yes
sizer Part of MemMaker. Thought unnecessary with Win95’s memory management Yes
chkstate.sys Part of MemMaker. Thought unnecessary with Win95’s memory management Yes
instsupp.bat This installs the supplemental MS-DOS files properly in Win95 Yes
power Replaced by Win95’s own power management No
smartmon Replaced by System Monitor No
comp Replaced by FC No
interlnk Replaced by Win95 Direct Cable Connection Yes
print Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes
tree Obscure, little used or dangerous command and only shows short file
names.
Yes
dosshell Removed from DOS 6+. No
intersvr Replaced by Win95 Direct Cable Connection Yes
printer.sys Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
undelete Does not work well with long file names. Yes
edlin Replaced by EDIT (and not before time!) Yes
join Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
qbasic Fairly obscure, although it can be useful Yes
unformat Does not work well with long file names. No
ega.sys Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
loadfix Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes
ramdrive.sys Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
vsafe All anti-virus software was removed because Win95 uses a different
kernel
No
expand This was replaced by a different expand utility Yes
memcard Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
recover Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
fasthelp Obscure, little used or dangerous command No
memmaker Thought unnecessary with Win95’s memory management Yes
replace Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes
fastopen Obscure, little used or dangerous command and very dangerous No
mirror This only appeared in DOS 5 No
restore Obscure, little used or dangerous command Yes

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